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Gems of Urdu literature !!

Urdu is known to be a language that is a treat for both the speaker and the listener. Urdu originated in the sixth century, and since then it has been developing with Arabic ad Persian influences. While, like very other language Urdu language also boasts of literature that is written both in prose and in poetry form,  Urdu poetry popularly known as shayari in Urdu is famous throughout the world. Urdu literature has had some of the most talented and insightful poets of all times. These poets have rendered some of the most beautiful verses in the history of literature. Here are couplets of some of these great poets.

1. Mirza Ghalib.

Mirza Ghalib

Born as Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan, Mirza Ghalib was born in Agra. He spent most of his life in Delhi and is famous for his ghazals. Ghalib participated in the rebellion of 1857, and a substantial portion of his poetry revolves around the pain and agony of losing his friends and relatives in the first war of Independence.

Dil-e-nadaan tujhe hua kya hai,

Akhir is dard ki dawa kya hai.

2. Faiz Ahmed Faiz.

Poet-Faiz-Ahmed-Faiz

Faiz Ahmed Faiz, born in Punjab during the British rule was a revolutionary poet and left wing intellectual. His poetry deals with themes of humanism, and reflects the ideals of Ghalib and other older poets.

Tum aaye ho na shab-e-intezaar guzri hai,

Talash mein hai seher baar baar guzri hai.

3. Muhammad Iqbal.

Muhammad Iqbal

Dr.Iqbal is one of the most renowned poets of Urdu literature. Iqbal, an alumnus of Cambridge University is credited with his research on the theme of development of metaphysics in Persia written in German language. Iqbal and his poetry has been a great influence on Mohammad Ali Jinnah amd the Pakistan Movement. Iqbal is one poet whose poetry is studied by scholars world over.

Chalne wale nikal gaye hain, jo thehre zara kuchal gaye hain,

Anjaam hai is kharam ka husn, aaghaz hai ishq intehaan husn.

4. Mir Taqi Mir.

 

meer-taqi-meerMir Taqi Mir was born in 1723 in Agra, and later shifted to Delhi where he worked as a tutor during the Mughal period. He is said to have influenced Urdu language and Literature to a great extent. The striking feature of his poetry is how the fact that he was never satisfied in his personal life reflects in his poetry too.

Ulti ho gayin sab taqbeerein, kuch na dawa ne kaam kiya,

Dekha is beemariye dil ne, aakhir kaam tamaam kiya.

5. Firaq Gorakhpuri.

 

Born in Gorakhpur, Firaq Gorakhpuri’s real name was Raghupati Sahai. His associates suggested the penname ‘Firaq’ which means separation since most of his poetry elucidated the theme of separation. Firaq Gokharpuri shifted to Allahabad from Gorakhpur to complete his masters and  taught English Literature at the Department of English at Allahabad University until his death.

Muddatein guzrin teri yaad bhi aayi na humein,

Aur hum bhool gaye hon tujhe aisa bhi nahin.

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